New research has discovered that under-eye dark circles (infra-orbital shadows) in many cases are the result of accumulating hemoglobin leaked from capillaries. Hemoglobin creates the red-blue pigment deposit under the eyes.
Technical information on Syprex's Under-Eye Serum and how it works:
The compound is actually a blend of 4 ingredients: hydroxysuccinimide, chrysin, palmitoyl oligopeptide and pamitol tetrapeptide-3. The colored degradation elements in hemoglobin are bilrubin and iron.
Chrysin stimulates an enzyme that can clear and eliminate bilrubin while hydroxysuccinimide makes iron soluble so that it can be eliminated. The peptide elements combine with the others to also help avoid future capillary leakage and protect against further discoloration.
The Under Eye Dark has other lightening ingredients plus moisturizing elements to help further lighten the area as well as fight puffiness.